Investment in Egypt

16 Nov 2022

Company Formation and Registration in Egypt

Due to its strategic location between the East and the West and its vast population, Egypt is considered one of the most attractive destinations for investment. And hence, all investors, startups, and small businesses all over the world who want to open and register a company in Egypt recognize that there is a great investment environment. Read more...

14 Sep 2022

Ownership of real estate in Egypt for foreigners

In the past few years Egypt has taken a new development process by building new urban areas, around 30 cities were newly established. The Egyptian laws and regulations encourage investors to invest and by real estate in Egypt with certain rules and regulations to avoid any monopolization and at the same time it grants foreign investors incentives to motivate them to buy and invest in real estate in Egypt.    Read more...

14 Feb 2023


The basis of the financial markets is this straightforward equation- businesses demand credit, and banks financing need collateral to ensure payment. In that sense, banks typically accept immovable properties without hesitation while they become wary of movable assets. Because the majority of their assets are transportable, Small and Medium Enterprises often have limited access to loans. Read more...

4 Jan 2023

Downsizing Business in Egypt

Due to the critical and difficult circumstances of the coronavirus pandemic, most companies downsized their businesses as a result of the economic impact that has negatively affected the majority of businesses. Read more...

22 Dec 2022

Registering and De-registering of Employees in Social Insurance

Social protection systems are institutionalized mechanisms that help individuals to manage social risks or to cushion their impact once they occur and it is an important component of the social contract between a government and its citizens in any country. Read more...

2 Nov 2022

Egypt: Hiring Foreign Workers

Many aliens and companies face a lot of problems when applying for the issue of work permits for foreign labor. This is due to the complicated and prolonged process of procuring work permits in Egypt. In this Article, the executive rules and procedures for putting in for the issue of work permits for employment of aliens, will be briefly demonstrated.   Read more...

28 Aug 2022

Legal Framework of E-commerce business in Egypt

E-commerce can be defined as a system of buying and selling goods, services, and products using Internet and transferring money and data to carry out these transactions. It is usually used to refer to the sale of products and goods on the Internet, but it can be described by any type of transaction. E-commerce can be used to make time and money easier for both: distributors and consumers, and there are many platforms that work in the field of E-commerce such as Jumia, Amazon …etc. and other...

22 Mar 2022

Egypt: Difference between branch and subsidiary

Investment climate in Egypt is abundant with investment opportunities that support investors. In addition, many legal forms allow investors to launch the investment process expeditiously and smoothly. In this article, we will clarify the most significant differences and aspects of variance between the branches of foreign companies incorporated within the Arab Republic of Egypt and subsidiary companies.   Read more...

23 Feb 2022


COMPETITION PROTECTION AND MONOPOLISTIC PRACTICES IN EGYPTIAN LAWS AND REGULATIONS: The Arab Republic of Egypt aims to guarantee a good economic environment that does not restrict, prevent or damage the freedom of competition and issued Law No. 3 of the year 2005 regarding the issuance of Competition Law to seek the aim of competition protection and prevent monopolistic practices. The Law grants a free and honest competitive environment in which all persons working in the market abide by the...

20 Feb 2022

Legal controls for the use of “Drones” in Egypt

Lately, drones have played multiple roles away from their military uses, as the technological development of drones has led to the expansion of their use in civil and commercial purposes by several companies in different countries. Read more...

13 Sep 2021

Registering Digital Business in Egypt

Egypt shows enormous interest in introducing digital transformation to the national economy aiming at realizing rapid development and enhancing the Egyptian society. That is why the Egyptian government encourages and supports the atmosphere of investment and digital business through taking measures to develop this sector and to reduce the problems that may arise in this field. Significant legislations covering this subject can be further elaborated as follows: Read more...

3 Jul 2021

Distribution versus Agency Agreement as applicable to pharmaceutical industry

Pharmaceutical sector of Egypt is one of the oldest strategic sectors in Egypt which has managed to reach an important measure to achieve self-sufficiency of the Egyptian medicine. The main competent authority responsible for managing pharmaceutical industry in Egypt is the Egyptian Drug Authority (EDA), which in its role has adopted policies targeting drug development in various stages of the industry, both in the field of pharmaceutical raw materials, basic chemicals, manufacturing and...

11 Mar 2021

Overview on the Consumer Finance Companies in Egypt

The Financial Regulatory Authority in Egypt (“FRA”) is taking a positive step towards developing the non-banking financial services sector that can be clearly seen by issuing the new Consumer Finance Law No. 18 of the year 2020 and the FRA’s Decision No. 56 of the year 2020 concerning the Consumer Finance activities. Read more...

16 Feb 2021

New Restriction on Arbitration Clauses in State – Foreign Investor Contracts

In order to improve the Egyptian status with regards to the international arbitration disputes, in which the state is party of whether wholly or partially, the Egyptian Prime Minister has issued a new Decree No. 2592 of the year 2020 (hereinafter referred to as the "New Decree"), which fundamentally and ambiguously amended the provisions of the Decree No. 1062 of the year 2019 on organizing the Supreme Commission to study and provide opinion on international arbitration cases, in which the...

18 Jan 2021

Overview on the Legal Considerations of Construction in Egypt

Recently, Egypt has witnessed a remarkable increase in the number of construction companies and their activities regarding infrastructure and real estate development, and Egypt has declared its need for private investment to take a larger role in this sector. Read more...

30 Dec 2020

Registration in the Egyptian Federation for Construction and Building Contractors

Egypt has one of the largest construction and building sectors in the MENA region, making it one of the most important factors that increases the county’s GDP. Prior to 1992 there was virtually no integrated organization in Egypt to sponsor and manage the profession or the industry making it accessible for companies and individuals with limited experience to participate. Read more...

19 Dec 2020

Egypt: Clarifications on the free zones fees

Free zones are established in order to magnetize the investors via its prominent and premium investment system. As it provides the investors with safeguards and several benefits and incentives related to the goods and their in or out movements without having the hustle to deal with customs, import, export systems and any other investment related procedures, whereas the investor has taken the initiative and invested his money and efforts under the aegis of the free zone system. Read more...

10 Nov 2020

Egypt Regulation: KYC compliance

Know your Customer (KYC) is a principle that states that “Every bank or broker-dealer shall use reasonable diligence, in regard to the opening and maintenance of every account, to know (and retain) the essential facts concerning every customer and concerning the authority of each person acting on behalf of such customer.”[1] This principle is used to avoid fraud and ambiguity. Read more...

21 Sep 2020

Egypt: The Rule of No-Fault Liability

In general, each person has a liability for his own acts. If any individual commits a fault, he is liable for it as a consequence of this harmful act or fault and this is called the Rule of Strict Liability. Read more...

1 Sep 2020

Trial Proceedings in Criminal Cases before Egyptian Courts

Trial proceedings in criminal cases before the Egyptian courts are regulated by the Criminal Procedure Law No. 150 of 1950 and the amendments thereof. Before introducing these proceedings, criminal case and crime in brief are: Read more...

19 Aug 2020

Egypt: New Law regarding the development of Medium, Small and Micro Enterprises

As part of the state’s efforts to encourage the Egyptian economy, the Egyptian President issued Law No. 152 of the year 2020 regarding the development of the medium, small, and micro-enterprises. Read more...