Egypt shows enormous interest in introducing digital transformation to the national economy aiming at realizing rapid development and enhancing the Egyptian society. That is why the Egyptian government encourages and supports the atmosphere of investment and digital business through taking measures to develop this sector and to reduce the problems that may arise in this field. Significant legislations covering this subject can be further elaborated as follows:
Pharmaceutical sector of Egypt is one of the oldest strategic sectors in Egypt which has managed to reach an important measure to achieve self-sufficiency of the Egyptian medicine. The main competent authority responsible for managing pharmaceutical industry in Egypt is the Egyptian Drug Authority (EDA), which in its role has adopted policies targeting drug development in various stages of the industry, both in the field of pharmaceutical raw materials, basic chemicals, manufacturing and packaging as well as for the marketing, sale and export.
The Financial Regulatory Authority in Egypt (“FRA”) is taking a positive step towards developing the non-banking financial services sector that can be clearly seen by issuing the new Consumer Finance Law No. 18 of the year 2020 and the FRA’s Decision No. 56 of the year 2020 concerning the Consumer Finance activities.
In order to improve the Egyptian status with regards to the international arbitration disputes, in which the state is party of whether wholly or partially, the Egyptian Prime Minister has issued a new Decree No. 2592 of the year 2020 (hereinafter referred to as the “New Decree”), which fundamentally and ambiguously amended the provisions of the Decree No. 1062 of the year 2019 on organizing the Supreme Commission to study and provide opinion on international arbitration cases, in which the state is part of.
Recently, Egypt has witnessed a remarkable increase in the number of construction companies and their activities regarding infrastructure and real estate development, and Egypt has declared its need for private investment to take a larger role in this sector.
Egypt has one of the largest construction and building sectors in the MENA region, making it one of the most important factors that increases the county’s GDP. Prior to 1992 there was virtually no integrated organization in Egypt to sponsor and manage the profession or the industry making it accessible for companies and individuals with limited experience to participate.
Free zones are established in order to magnetize the investors via its prominent and premium investment system. As it provides the investors with safeguards and several benefits and incentives related to the goods and their in or out movements without having the hustle to deal with customs, import, export systems and any other investment related procedures, whereas the investor has taken the initiative and invested his money and efforts under the aegis of the free zone system.
Know your Customer (KYC) is a principle that states that “Every bank or broker-dealer shall use reasonable diligence, in regard to the opening and maintenance of every account, to know (and retain) the essential facts concerning every customer and concerning the authority of each person acting on behalf of such customer.” This principle is used to avoid fraud and ambiguity.
In general, each person has a liability for his own acts. If any individual commits a fault, he is liable for it as a consequence of this harmful act or fault and this is called the Rule of Strict Liability.
Trial proceedings in criminal cases before the Egyptian courts are regulated by the Criminal Procedure Law No. 150 of 1950 and the amendments thereof. Before introducing these proceedings, criminal case and crime in brief are:
As part of the state’s efforts to encourage the Egyptian economy, the Egyptian President issued Law No. 152 of the year 2020 regarding the development of the medium, small, and micro-enterprises.
Following rapid spread of the novel coronavirus “Covid-19” that was first reported in the province of Wuhan, China in December, 2019, on 11th of March 2020, the World Health Organization declared Covid-19 to be a pandemic.
Delay in the litigation process has become a global issue and Egypt is no exception. It has been exacerbated in Egypt in the last few years; whereas its issues have increased to the extent that the situation has reached a point that some disputes and cases extend for several years inside the Egyptian courts, and dozens of cases, some of which exceed a thousand paper, have piled inside the corridors of courts, and this is the reason behind the inquiries and astonishment of citizens concerning justice that shall be achieved by the Egyptian Legal Regime.
On 16 March 2020, in response to the socioeconomic disruption caused by the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) issued a circular which put in place a moratorium on all repayments under existing credit facilities for a period of six months.
CORONAVIRUS COVID-19 ‘s Effect on workflow (Employers and Employees) :On 11th of March, 2020, WHO Chief Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesu had declared COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS as a pandemic, and the definition of Pandemic is a disease that is spreading in multiple countries around the world at the same time.
Recently, the Egyptian President and the Parliament approved the issuance of new law that enables the e-payment, with its objective to facilitate wider financial coverage in Egypt, and align with the global trends in adopting policies that reduce the monetary handling, and replace them with banking financial instruments.
President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi approved Law No. 17 of the year 2018, which included wide-ranging amendments to the Capital Market Law, which included 45 new articles and amending 17 others.
In light of Egypt’s relentless pursuit of a prosperous economic climate, the Egyptian Parliament passed on August 15, 2018 the new Law No. 176 of the year 2018 regulating both financial leasing and factoring activities, promulgating financial leasing Law No. 95 of the year 1995, which aims at steering economic volume and increasing production of small and medium enterprises.