Like any invention, industrial design is a result of creative intellectual activity, which may be embodied in material objects.
An industrial design is the ornamental or aesthetic aspect of the product. The sample may consist of a three-dimensional components, such as the shape or surface of an object or two-dimensional components, such as patterns, lines and colors.
Industrial designs are applied to a wide range of products of industry and crafts – from technical and medical instruments to watches, jewelry and other luxury items, from house wares and electrical appliances to vehicles and architectural structures, from textile designs to leisure goods.
Egyptian law provides protection for the designs and industrial models though the process of registration with the authority in charge of the matter. Locarno International Classification for Industrial Designs governs the process of design registration in Egypt.
The official validity period of design registration stands at 10 years dated application filing day. A one-time renewal for 5 years is accepted. Proven that the novelty of the design is questionable the registration might be withdrawn by any of the stakeholders. All the procedures executed on the industrial design or model shall be published in the Official Gazette and appear on the register.
Intellectual Property Law No. 82 of 2002 allows members of the public to apply for an opposition of the registration within a period of 2 months from the publication date.
By registering the design with the competent authority (Trade Registry Department) the design holder attains the exclusive right to avoid the unauthorized replica production along with a competitive edge in the market.
Any violation of the use of the registered design is subject to a punishment under the Egyptian Law.